Fintech IPOs are back. Affirm, a fintech company whose platform offers “a point-of-sale payment solution for consumers, merchant commerce solutions, and a consumer-focused app,” is the latest company to file for an IPO.
Affirm’s S-1 was filed earlier today, revealing that they intend to raise $100 million. The company generated $509M in net revenue during its fiscal year ending June 30 and a net loss of $112 million.
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Unrelated to fintech, but still “tech” are pending IPOs for DoorDash and Airbnb.
At least three federal lawsuits have been filed against the directors of OnDeck relating to the announcement that the company is being acquired by Enova. These suits allege securities act violations with regards to how the technical aspects of the deal were disclosed while the initially reported action in the Delaware Court of Chancery alleged a breach of fiduciary duty.
The federal securities lawsuits are:
Daniel Senteno v. On Deck Capital, Inc. et al – Case 1:20-cv-01179-MN
Eric Sabatini (on behalf of a class) v On Deck Capital, Inc et al – Case 1:20-cv-01166-MN
Mohamed Aboubih v On Deck Capital, Inc. et al – Case 1:20-cv-07319-Vm
Shares of OnDeck have suffered in the last week as the market has seen a dramatic pullback. Shares have traded as low as $2.17 on Wednesday, down 12% from the previous day. The company’s market capitalization is at $128.2M million, down from its 2014 IPO value of $1.32 billion.
The collateral damage of market panic led to all-time low share prices for online lending companies OnDeck and LendingClub on Monday. By noon, OnDeck was down 7.5% on the day at $2.55 (the low was $2.47) and LendingClub was down 5% at $9.62 (the low was $9.26).
Online lender Elevate also hit a new all-time low of $2.50.
Lending Club’s stock dropped to its lowest level on Monday, closing at $3.27, according to the online lending tracker. That puts the company down 78% from its IPO price of $15 and down 87% from its all-time high.
Worse yet though for the company is that competitors like Goldman Sachs have been able to undercut Lending Club’s rates (Goldman Sachs’ Marcus charges no late fees or origination fees), while simultaneously tapping into a cheaper cost of capital (deposits).
Square is the big winner thus far according to the deBanked Online Lender Tracker. The company’s stock price is up 373% since its IPO and already up 22.76% YTD.
OnDeck and Lending Club by contrast are down by more than 70% from their IPOs and down 17.6% and 2.66% YTD respectively.
But the real loser so far in 2018 is Bitcoin. As of this writing, the Coinbase price of BTC is around $11,310, down more than 18% from its 2017 year-end price of $13,860. Bitcoin had previously reached an all-time high of nearly $20,000.
Meanwhile, the S&P 500 is already up 5.11% YTD. That’s about 59x more than what a Marcus Savings account returned over the same period. Marcus is Goldman Sachs’ online lending and retail online banking arm.
OnDeck closed at the exact same price on September 14th as it did on July 20th, $4.58. In between, OnDeck reported one of their best quarters ever (they released their 2nd quarter earnings on August 7th) and experienced a temporary boost to $5. Even then, the stock was 75% down from the IPO price and more than 80% down from their all-time high, yet that too couldn’t be sustained.
In Q2, OnDeck only had a GAAP net loss of $1.5 million and announced that they had expanded their collaboration with JPMorgan Chase for up to four years to provide the underlying technology supporting Chase’s online lending solution to its small business customers.
In the rest of the lending world, optimism is in style. Square is up 121% year-to-date, according to the deBanked Online Lender Tracker and even Lending Club is up 14%.
More traditional finance companies like American Express and Intuit are meanwhile hovering near their 52-week highs, according to the Specialty Business Lending Tracker.
Some of OnDeck’s former employees at least appear to be doing well. Just recently, the former Chief Sales Officer was named COO of CoverWallet, the former Director of External Sales was named Chief Revenue Officer of Pearl Capital and the former Director of Portfolio Management and Credit Operations was named SVP at Breakout Capital.
Small business lending company OnDeck was down nearly 23% on the year when the market closed on Friday. One of their closest rivals, Square, a company that makes business loans in addition to offering payment processing services, was up almost 64% this year so far. The disparity can be partially attributed to the market’s changing perception of OnDeck, originally viewed as a disruptive technology company, to what they’re seen as now, a niche commercial lender. Their tech multiple is gone, putting their market capitalization near book value.
Square is faring differently since they have virtually no borrower acquisition costs (whereas OnDeck has high acquisition costs) and a strong revenue stream outside of loans. Square’s strategy is to turn its existing payment processing customers into borrowers.
Meanwhile, Lending Club, an online lender that makes both consumer loans and business loans, is up 6.48% on the year. Despite being down 63% from their IPO price, Lending Club is different in that they generate fee income off of originated loans rather than book loans on balance sheet like OnDeck.
What ties them all together is that OnDeck, Square and Lending Club all rely on chartered banks to make the loans they advertise, a model that is coming under scrutiny by states such as New York. OnDeck and Square both depend on Celtic Bank, a Utah-chartered industrial bank.
Among its peers, OnDeck arguably has the riskiest makeup. They’re concentrated in only one type of lending, they have high acquisition costs, and they retain direct exposure to the loans they generate. Combine that with a lack of profits, lack of growth, and future regulatory challenges ahead, and it’s easy to understand why they’re so significantly underperforming the pack.